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Chemical Engineering Seminar

Thursday, November 7, 2019
4:00pm to 5:00pm
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Spalding Laboratory 106 (Hartley Memorial Seminar Room)
Towards operational mastery of biological cells: A physics-based perspective
Roseanna Nellie Zia, Assistant Professor, Chemical Engineering, Stanford University,

The frontier in operational mastery of biological cells arguably resides at the interface between biology and colloid physics: cellular processes that operate over colloidal length scales, where continuum fluid mechanics and Brownian motion underlie whole-cell scale behavior. It is at this scale that much of cell machinery operates and is where reconstitution and manipulation of cells is most challenging. This operational regime is centered between the two well-studied limits of structural and systems biology: the former focuses on atomistic-scale spatial resolution with little time evolution, and the latter on kinetic models that abstract space away. Colloidal hydrodynamics modeling bridges this divide by unifying the disparate length and time-scales of solvent-molecule and colloidal dynamics, and may hold a key to numerous open questions in biological cell function. I will discuss our physics-based computational model of a biological cell, where biomolecules and their interactions are physically represented, individually and explicitly. With it, we study a model process: translation elongation. We find that Brownian self-diffusion alone is insufficient to recover experimentally measured elongation rates but accounting for other colloidal forces improves agreement.

For more information, please contact Sohee Lee by phone at 6263954193 or by email at sohee@caltech.edu.