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Chemical Engineering Seminar

Wednesday, May 22, 2024
4:00pm to 5:00pm
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Spalding Laboratory 106 (Hartley Memorial Seminar Room)
The Other Side of Entropy
Stefano Martiniani, NYU,

Abstract: Following its inception in the mid-19th century, our understanding of thermodynamic entropy has undergone many revisions, most notably through the development of microscopic descriptions by Boltzmann and Gibbs, which led to a deep understanding of equilibrium thermodynamics. The role of entropy has since moved beyond the traditional boundaries of equilibrium thermodynamics, towards problems for which the development of a statistical mechanical theory seems plausible but the a-priori probabilities of states are not known, making the definition and calculation of entropy-like quantities challenging. In this talk, we will discuss two new classes of methods that enable these computations: one based on pattern matching ideas from information theory, and the other based on basin volume calculations. These approaches provide us with very general frameworks for computing entropy, density of states, and entropy production in systems far from equilibrium. We will discuss applications of these ideas to a variety of contexts: from granular systems, to absorbing-state models, to active matter, in simulations and in experiments. Throughout the talk, I will highlight challenges and promising future directions for these measurements.

Bio: Prof. Martiniani is an Assistant Professor in the Departments of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and affiliate of the Center for Data Science at NYU. Martiniani's work focuses on the development of computational approaches to characterize/engineer order and function in complex systems, with a strong focus on inverse design problems, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, neural systems and AI for science. In the context of AI research, he also leads prominent open science initiatives related to data and machine learning frameworks, involving multiple academic and industry partners. He is the recipient of several awards, including the inaugural IUPAP Interdisciplinary Early Career Scientist Prize for his contributions to nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. His work is supported by NSF, NIH, CZI, and Simons Foundation. Prior to joining NYU he was an Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the University of Minnesota.

For more information, please contact Matthew Buga by phone at 6263952423 or by email at [email protected].