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Physics Research Conference

Thursday, January 10, 2019
4:00pm to 5:00pm
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East Bridge 201 (Richard P. Feynman Lecture Hall)
Fundamental limits on the thermodynamics of circuits
David Wolpert, Professor of Physics, Santa Fe Institute,
Understanding the minimal resources required to perform a given computation has also been a long-standing focus of research in physics. Modern work on this issue can be traced back to the work of Landauer in which he concluded that thermodynamic resources of at least $kT \ln[2]$ were needed to erase a bit on any physical system. However no work has been done before on the thermodynamic resources needed to perform more complicated computations than bit erasure. In this talk I will introduce the results of some preliminary research on this issue, focusing specifically on how the thermodynamic resources needed to implement a desired input-output function with a digital (straight-line) circuit depend on the topology of the circuit. Specifically, I will show how an analysis of the thermodynamics of digital circuits: - Uncovers novel connections between nonequilibrium statistical physics and information theory; - Reveals new, challenging engineering problems for how to design a circuit to have minimal thermodynamic costs; - Allows us to extend computer science theory (specifically circuit complexity theory) to include thermodynamic costs.
For more information, please contact Sheri Stoll by phone at 395-6608 or by email at [email protected] or visit