PhD Thesis Defense
Zoom Link: https://caltech.zoom.us/j/5623711693
Optical dielectric metasurfaces have shown great advances in the last two decades and become promising candidates for next-generation free-space optical elements. In addition to their compatibility with scalable semiconductor fabrication technology, metasurfaces have provided new and efficient ways to manipulate diverse characteristics of light. In this talk, we demonstrate the potential of dielectric metastructures in the realization of compact imaging devices, reconfigurable optical elements, and multi-layer inverse-designed metasurfaces. With the metasurfaces' extreme capability to simultaneously control phase and polarization, we first showcase their potential toward optical field imaging applications. In this regard, we demonstrate a system of dielectric metasurfaces and designed random metasurfaces for single-shot phase gradient microscopes and computational complex field imaging system, respectively. Then, we propose nano-electromechanically tunable resonant dielectric metasurfaces as a general platform for active metasurfaces. For example, we demonstrate two different types of the phase and amplitude modulators. While one utilizes resonant eigenmodes in the lattice such as leaky guided mode resonances and bound-states in the continuum modes, the other is based on the high-Q Mie resonances in the dielectric nanostructures where symmetry is broken. In addition to the modulation of the phase and amplitude, we also show tuning of strong chiroptical responses in dielectric chiral metasurfaces. Next, we experimentally demonstrate inverse-designed multi-layer metasurfaces. Not only do they provide increased degree of freedom in the design space, but also overcome limits of conventional design methods of the metasurfaces.