IQI Weekly Seminar
Abstract: Noise is a central obstacle to building large-scale quantum computers. Quantum systems with sufficiently uncorrelated and weak noise could be used to solve computational problems that are intractable with current digital computers. There has been substantial progress towards engineering such systems. However, continued progress depends on the ability to characterize quantum noise reliably and efficiently with high precision. Here we introduce a protocol that completely and efficiently characterizes the error rates of quantum noise and we experimentally implement it on a 14-qubit superconducting quantum architecture. The method returns an estimate of the effective noise with relative precision and detects all correlated errors. We show how to construct a quantum noise correlation matrix allowing the easy visualization of all pairwise correlated errors, enabling the discovery of long-range two-qubit correlations in the 14 qubit device that had not previously been detected. These properties of the protocol make it exceptionally well suited for high-precision noise metrology in quantum information processors. Our results are the first implementation of a provably rigorous, full diagnostic protocol capable of being run on state of the art devices and beyond. These results pave the way for noise metrology in next-generation quantum devices, calibration in the presence of crosstalk, bespoke quantum error-correcting codes, and customized fault-tolerance protocols that can greatly reduce the overhead in a quantum computation. This is joint work with Robin Harper and Joel Wallman, arXiv:1907.13022, arXiv:1907.12976.