Sequencing of Arabidopsis genome will havehuge payoffs, Caltech plant geneticist says

Whether or not the man was right when he said a mustard seed can move mountains, a poorer cousin of mustard named Arabidopsis has just been certified one of the heavy lifters of 21st-century biology.

With today's announcement that the international effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome has been completed, plant biologists now have a powerful tool that is a triumph for biology as well as world agriculture, says Caltech plant geneticist Elliot Meyerowitz.

Human brain employs the same neurons in seeing an objectand later imagining it

In a study of nine epilepsy patients awaiting brain surgery, researchers have discovered that humans use the same neurons to conjure up mental images that they use when they see the real object with their eyes.

New results on Martian meteorite support hypothesisthat life can jump between planets

According to one version of the "panspermia" theory, life on Earth could originally have arrived here by way of meteorites from Mars, where conditions early in the history of the solar system are thought to have been more favorable for the creation of life from nonliving ingredients.

LIGO establishes"first lock"

HANFORD, Wash.—Scientists from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) announced today that they established "first lock" at the detector near Hanford, Washington.

NSF awards $9.6 million for materials research center at Caltech

The National Science Foundation today awarded $9.6 million in start-up funding for the Center for the Science and Engineering of Materials (CSEM) at the California Institute of Technology. The new center pioneers a number of exotic and futuristic materials and applications such as "liquid" metals, responsive gels, and tiny medical sensors.

Astronomers improve "cosmic yardstick" by measuringdistance to star in Gemini with Palomar Testbed Interferometer

Researchers using the testbed interferometer at Palomar Observatory have achieved the best-ever distance measurement to a type of star known as a Cepheid variable. The new results improve the "cosmic yardstick" used to infer the size and age of the universe.

Caltech to Receive $10 Million Grant from BP to Study Methane Conversion

Caltech receives a $10 million grant from BP to conduct methane research.

New visual test devised by Caltech, USC researchers

A new five-minute vision test using a desktop computer and touch-sensitive screen is showing promise as a diagnostic tool for a variety of eye diseases and even certain brain tumors.

NSF funds new Institute for Quantum Information at Caltech

The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $5 million grant to the California Institute of Technology to create an institute devoted to quantum information science—a new field that could ultimately lead to devices such as quantum computers.

The announcement was part of a $90 million information technology research initiative the NSF announced today in Washington. The awards are aimed at seeding fundamental research in innovative applications of information technology.

Caltech researchers breed new genes to make natural products in bacteria

A California Institute of Technology research group has been able to mate genes from different organisms and breed new genetic pathways in bacteria

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