New planets still being createdIn our stellar neighborhood, study shows

In a study that strengthens the likelihood that solar systems like our own are still being formed, an international team of scientists is reporting today that three young stars in the sun's neighborhood have the raw materials necessary for the formation of Jupiter-sized planets.

Caltech, Agere Systems scientists developtechnique to shrink memory chips

Researchers at the California Institute of Technology and Agere Systems, formerly known as the Microelectronics Group of Lucent Technologies, have developed a technique that could result in a new generation of reliable nanoscale memory chips. This research could lead to smaller, less expensive cellular phones and digital cameras.

New research shows that the ears can sometimes trick the eyes

Though it seems to follow common sense that vision is the most dominant of the human senses, a new study by California Institute of Technology researchers shows that auditory signals can sometimes trick test subjects into misinterpreting what they have seen.

In a new study appearing in the Dec. 14 issue of the journal Nature, Caltech psychophysicists Ladan Shams, Yukiyasu Kamitani, and Shinsuke Shimojo report that auditory information can alter the perception of accompanying visual information, even when the visual input is otherwise unambiguous.

Sequencing of Arabidopsis genome will havehuge payoffs, Caltech plant geneticist says

Whether or not the man was right when he said a mustard seed can move mountains, a poorer cousin of mustard named Arabidopsis has just been certified one of the heavy lifters of 21st-century biology.

With today's announcement that the international effort to sequence the Arabidopsis genome has been completed, plant biologists now have a powerful tool that is a triumph for biology as well as world agriculture, says Caltech plant geneticist Elliot Meyerowitz.

Human brain employs the same neurons in seeing an objectand later imagining it

In a study of nine epilepsy patients awaiting brain surgery, researchers have discovered that humans use the same neurons to conjure up mental images that they use when they see the real object with their eyes.

New results on Martian meteorite support hypothesisthat life can jump between planets

According to one version of the "panspermia" theory, life on Earth could originally have arrived here by way of meteorites from Mars, where conditions early in the history of the solar system are thought to have been more favorable for the creation of life from nonliving ingredients.

LIGO establishes"first lock"

HANFORD, Wash.—Scientists from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) announced today that they established "first lock" at the detector near Hanford, Washington.

NSF awards $9.6 million for materials research center at Caltech

The National Science Foundation today awarded $9.6 million in start-up funding for the Center for the Science and Engineering of Materials (CSEM) at the California Institute of Technology. The new center pioneers a number of exotic and futuristic materials and applications such as "liquid" metals, responsive gels, and tiny medical sensors.

Astronomers improve "cosmic yardstick" by measuringdistance to star in Gemini with Palomar Testbed Interferometer

Researchers using the testbed interferometer at Palomar Observatory have achieved the best-ever distance measurement to a type of star known as a Cepheid variable. The new results improve the "cosmic yardstick" used to infer the size and age of the universe.

Caltech to Receive $10 Million Grant from BP to Study Methane Conversion

Caltech receives a $10 million grant from BP to conduct methane research.

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