New results on Martian meteorite support hypothesisthat life can jump between planets

According to one version of the "panspermia" theory, life on Earth could originally have arrived here by way of meteorites from Mars, where conditions early in the history of the solar system are thought to have been more favorable for the creation of life from nonliving ingredients.

LIGO establishes"first lock"

HANFORD, Wash.—Scientists from the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) announced today that they established "first lock" at the detector near Hanford, Washington.

NSF awards $9.6 million for materials research center at Caltech

The National Science Foundation today awarded $9.6 million in start-up funding for the Center for the Science and Engineering of Materials (CSEM) at the California Institute of Technology. The new center pioneers a number of exotic and futuristic materials and applications such as "liquid" metals, responsive gels, and tiny medical sensors.

Astronomers improve "cosmic yardstick" by measuringdistance to star in Gemini with Palomar Testbed Interferometer

Researchers using the testbed interferometer at Palomar Observatory have achieved the best-ever distance measurement to a type of star known as a Cepheid variable. The new results improve the "cosmic yardstick" used to infer the size and age of the universe.

Caltech to Receive $10 Million Grant from BP to Study Methane Conversion

Caltech receives a $10 million grant from BP to conduct methane research.

New visual test devised by Caltech, USC researchers

A new five-minute vision test using a desktop computer and touch-sensitive screen is showing promise as a diagnostic tool for a variety of eye diseases and even certain brain tumors.

NSF funds new Institute for Quantum Information at Caltech

The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $5 million grant to the California Institute of Technology to create an institute devoted to quantum information science—a new field that could ultimately lead to devices such as quantum computers.

The announcement was part of a $90 million information technology research initiative the NSF announced today in Washington. The awards are aimed at seeding fundamental research in innovative applications of information technology.

Caltech researchers breed new genes to make natural products in bacteria

A California Institute of Technology research group has been able to mate genes from different organisms and breed new genetic pathways in bacteria

Caltech and the Human Genome Project

Caltech faculty have played an integral part in the development of the Human Genome Project.

Physicists observe the quantum of heat flow

Physicists at the California Institute of Technology have announced the first observation of the quantum of thermal conductance. This discovery reveals a fundamental limit to the heat that can be conducted by objects of atomic dimensions.

The findings, reported in the April 27 issue of the journal Nature, could have profound implications for the future design of microscopic electronic devices and for the transmission of information, according to the research team leader, Caltech physics professor Michael Roukes.

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