News articles tagged with "decision_making"

02/02/2015 11:24:04
Douglas Smith
It is often said that people who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. John P. O'Doherty, professor of psychology and director of the Caltech Brain Imaging Center, discusses our current understanding of how we learn from experience.
fMRI scans of brain regions involved in value judgements
01/14/2013 18:03:33
Marcus Woo
When offered spinach or a cookie, how do you decide which to eat? Do you go for the healthy choice or the tasty one? To study the science of decision making, researchers in the lab of Caltech neuroeconomist Antonio Rangel analyze what happens inside people's brains as they choose between various kinds of food. The researchers typically use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure the changes in oxygen flow through the brain; these changes serve as proxies for spikes or dips in brain activity. Recently, however, investigators have started using a new technique that may better tease out how you choose between the spinach or the cookie—a decision that's often made in a fraction of a second.
11/25/2012 17:21:18
Marcus Woo
A team led by Colin Camerer and Shinsuke Shimojo has found a way to predict the severity of hindsight bias and has identified a technique that successfully reduces it.
11/12/2012 00:18:16
Marcus Woo
Researchers at Caltech have found that people make speed-dating decisions based on a combination of two different factors that are related to activity in two distinct parts of the brain.
09/26/2012 09:03:12
Marcus Woo
Almost everyone knows the feeling: you see a delicious piece of chocolate cake on the table, but as you grab your fork, you think twice. The cake is too fattening and unhealthy, you tell yourself. Maybe you should skip dessert. But the cake still beckons.
09/10/2012 07:00:00
Brian Bell

The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded a five-year, $9 million grant to a research group Caltech to study the neurobiology of social decision making.

The grant establishes a Silvio O. Conte Center for Neuroscience Research, where researchers will use electrophysiology and functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate how humans make social decisions. 

08/21/2012 07:00:00
Katie Neith

By mapping the brain lesions of patients, neuroscientists at Caltech were able to show that reasoning and behavioral control are dependent on different regions of the lobes than the areas called upon when making a decision.

03/27/2012 15:01:00
Kimm Fesenmaier

When jurors consider shortening the prison sentences of convicted criminals, they use parts of the brain associated with sympathy and making moral judgments, according to new work by Caltech neuroeconomist Colin Camerer and colleagues.

10/10/2011 07:00:00
Lori Oliwenstein

Researchers from Caltech have isolated a very specific difference in how high-functioning people with autism think about other people, finding that—in actuality—they don’t tend to think about what others think of them at all.

09/21/2011 16:00:00
Kimm Fesenmaier

When making decisions based on multiple interdependent factors—such as what combination of stocks and bonds to invest in—humans look at how the factors correlate with each other, according to a new study by researchers from Caltech and University College London.

09/02/2011 07:00:00
Marcus Woo

The sky is gray, but you're not sure if the clouds will clear or rain will pour. Do you grab an umbrella when you go outside? Such decisions are filled with ambiguity, and we're faced with them daily. "Almost every decision has some ambiguity," says Kota Saito, an economist who develops empirical and mathematical models on how people make decisions—insight that can inform socioeconomic policy. This fall, he joins Caltech as an assistant professor and the newest faculty member of the Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.

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