Williams received the award for her sustained record of innovation and achievement in the area of structural-surface physics. She now serves as director of the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA-E) in the U.S. Department of Energy.
We talked to a handful of undergraduate and graduate students prior to commencement to find out what they think will be the next big thing in science and engineering and how their plans after graduation reflect those ideas.
Innovator Frances Arnold has been awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for her "directed evolution" method, which creates new and better proteins in the laboratory using principles of evolution. The Millennium Technology Prize is one of the world's most prestigious technology awards.